[syslog-ng] Logs out of control

Brian Long Brian.Long at CBC-Companies.com
Thu Oct 11 20:31:17 CEST 2007

You are trying to do this the hard way.  
Just install splunk and let it read all your logs from a fifo.


Message: 2
Date: Wed, 10 Oct 2007 13:22:04 -0400
From: John Hala <john.hala at villanova.edu>
Subject: Re: [syslog-ng] Logs out of control
To: Syslog-ng users' and developers' mailing list
	<syslog-ng at lists.balabit.hu>
<294949F5411DFC418D1DEC84BE825AE11DB300AD6C at VUEX2.vuad.villanova.edu>
Content-Type: text/plain; charset="us-ascii"

I have 170 hosts right now and plan on going up to 250.  Currently
getting 1.5 GB of logs per day.  I think I should try to partition by
day.  Using php-syslog-ng, I believe most searches will either be by
date or by host, or  a combination of both.

What type of partitioning do you recommend?  I was thinking HASH
partitioning.  With HASH, I won't have to specify the range or exact
days to partition by, whereas with HASH, I just specify the column date.
In the table for the date column, I went with 'datetime'.  I don't quite
understand how to partition that out.  Here's my newbie idea of how it
should be done, however, I don't quite understand how to implement...
Meaning, is it possible to partition a table that already has data in
it, and if so, how to specify that particular table to partition because
in the examples it just shows creating a table and following it by the
partition code...


| host     | varchar(128)        | YES  | MUL | NULL    |
| facility | varchar(10)         | YES  | MUL | NULL    |
| priority | varchar(10)         | YES  | MUL | NULL    |
| level    | varchar(10)         | YES  |     | NULL    |
| tag      | varchar(10)         | YES  |     | NULL    |
| datetime | datetime            | YES  | MUL | NULL    |
| program  | varchar(15)         | YES  | MUL | NULL    |
| msg      | text                | YES  | MUL | NULL    |
| seq      | bigint(20) unsigned | NO   | PRI | NULL    | auto_increment

| logs  | CREATE TABLE `logs` (
  `host` varchar(128) DEFAULT NULL,
  `facility` varchar(10) DEFAULT NULL,
  `priority` varchar(10) DEFAULT NULL,
  `level` varchar(10) DEFAULT NULL,
  `tag` varchar(10) DEFAULT NULL,
  `datetime` datetime DEFAULT NULL,
  `program` varchar(15) DEFAULT NULL,
  `msg` text,
  `seq` bigint(20) unsigned NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
  PRIMARY KEY (`seq`),
  KEY `host` (`host`),
  KEY `program` (`program`),
  KEY `datetime` (`datetime`),
  KEY `priority` (`priority`),
  KEY `facility` (`facility`),
  FULLTEXT KEY `msg` (`msg`)

so the partition code would go like...

PARTITIONS 500;     --> (I am just giving a large number that I don't
think the number of hosts will reach)

I'm pretty certain, I'm way off, lol.

Any help would be greatly appreciated!


-----Original Message-----
From: syslog-ng-bounces at lists.balabit.hu
[mailto:syslog-ng-bounces at lists.balabit.hu] On Behalf Of
Valdis.Kletnieks at vt.edu
Sent: Saturday, October 06, 2007 12:27 AM
To: Syslog-ng users' and developers' mailing list
Subject: Re: [syslog-ng] Logs out of control

On Fri, 05 Oct 2007 15:33:30 EDT, John Hala said:

> how would you cut up the partition...  by day?

This would of course depend on your local requirements - but units such
as "by day", "by week", "by month" certainly come to mind.  You will
also want to consider how easy it is to implement local policy/legal
requirements such as "logs of XYZ events *must* be kept 180 days", "logs
of ABC *must* be discarded after 90 days", and so on.  Also add in
things like "how many records per day", and "how many machines", and so

You may want to consider using slightly larger time units, such as
or "last 30 days", to simplify your life when you're asked to produce
log entries for "ABC for the last week", or consider some other
partition such as "per machine per month" if that makes sense in your

If it helps any, I also manage a server that tracks IDS incidents, and
the useful quantities there are "last 2 hours", "last 24 hours", "this
month", and "forever".


syslog-ng maillist  -  syslog-ng at lists.balabit.hu

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